The Emic and the Etic

Stumbling Block Word: Environment en·vi·ron·ment noun the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates. synonyms: habitat, territory, domain the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity. synonyms: the natural world, nature, the earth, the planet, the ecosystem, the biosphere, Mother Nature; This is the dictionary definition of “environment”. However, there is another aspect to this term, which is the one that conflates the term with “nature”, and all of the accompanying associationsRead more

Method and Methodology; Ontology and Epistemology; Empirical and Documentary Research.

“Theory without empirical research is empty, empirical research without theory is blind.” Pierre Bourdieu (1988: 74). Qualitative research has been challenged for its subjectivity. However, empirical quantitative methods have been shown to have their own biases that can potentially limit the results of experiments due to the input and language prescribed by the discipline. In fact, an impetus for the adoption of qualitative research methodologies were the restrictive frameworks of traditional quantitative analyses, and the considerable ideological framework that is usedRead more